Dry AMD: Once dry AMD reaches the advanced stage, no form of treatment can prevent vision loss. However, treatment can delay and possibly prevent early dry AMD from progressing to the advanced stage, in which vision loss occurs. Nutrition and antioxidants- The role of antioxidants is not clear but supplementation with Lutein ,zeaxanthin ,Vitamin C and E and other minereals has shown a beneficial effect in slowing the progression of disease. Quit smoking.
Wet AMD: Wet AMD can be treated with laser surgery, photodynamic therapy, and injections into the eye. None of these treatments is a cure for wet AMD. Each treatment may slow the rate of vision decline or stop further vision loss, but the disease and loss of vision may progress despite treatment
Laser Phtocoagulation: This procedure uses a laser to destroy the fragile, leaky blood vessels. A high energy beam of light is aimed directly onto the new blood vessels and destroys them, preventing further loss of vision. However, laser treatment also may destroy some surrounding healthy tissue and some vision. Only a small percentage of people with wet AMD can be treated with laser surgery. Laser surgery is more effective if the leaky blood vessels have developed away from the fovea, the central part of the macula
Photodynamic therapy: A drug caled verteporfin is injected into your arm. Next, a light is shined into your eye for about 90 seconds. The light activates the drug. The activated drug destroys the new blood vessels and leads to a slower rate of vision decline. Treatment results often are temporary. You may need to be treated again.
Transpupillary Thermotherapy: A special type of laser is used to heat up the membrane without destroying the overlying retina.
Injections(Anti VEGF therapy): Wet AMD can now be treated with a new drug that is injected into the eye (anti-VEGF therapy). Abnormally high levels of a specific growth factor occur in eyes with Wet AMD and promote the growth of abnormal new blood vessels. This drug treatment blocks the effects of the growth factor. You will need multiple injections, usually given about six weeks apart. The eye is numbed before each injection. After the injection, you will remain in the doctor’s office for a while and your eye will be monitored. As with photodynamic therapy, the main benefit for patients treated with the drug is to slow vision loss from AMD.